Materials, device, and interface engineering to improve polymer-based solar cells. Steven Kin Hau

ISBN: 9781109609356

Published:

NOOKstudy eTextbook

272 pages


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Materials, device, and interface engineering to improve polymer-based solar cells.  by  Steven Kin Hau

Materials, device, and interface engineering to improve polymer-based solar cells. by Steven Kin Hau
| NOOKstudy eTextbook | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, RTF | 272 pages | ISBN: 9781109609356 | 5.70 Mb

The continued depletion of fossil fuel resources has lead to the rise in energy production costs which has lead to the search for an economically viable alternative energy source. One alternative of particular interest is solar energy. A promisingMoreThe continued depletion of fossil fuel resources has lead to the rise in energy production costs which has lead to the search for an economically viable alternative energy source.

One alternative of particular interest is solar energy. A promising alternative to inorganic materials is organic semiconductor polymer solar cells due to their advantages of being cheaper, light weight, flexible and made into large areas by roll-to-roll processing. In this dissertation, an integrated approach is taken to improve the overall performance of polymer-based solar cells by the development of new polymer materials, device architectures, and interface engineering of the contacts between layers.

First, a new class of metallated conjugated polymers is explored as potential solar cell materials. Systematic modifications to the molecular units on the main chain of amorphous metallated Pt-polymers show a correlation that improving charge carrier mobility also improves solar cell performance leading to mobilities as high as 1 x 10-2 cm2/V·s and efficiencies as high as 4.1%. Second, an inverted device architecture using a more air stable electrode (Ag) is demonstrated to improve the ambient stability of unencapsulated P3HT:PCBM devices showing over 80% efficiency retention after 40 days of exposure.

To further demonstrate the potential for roll-to-roll processing of polymer solar cells, solution processed Ag-nanoparticles were used to replace the vacuum deposited Ag anode electrode for inverted solar cells showing efficiencies as high as 3%. In addition, solution processed polymer based electrodes were demonstrated as a replacement to the expensive and brittle indium tin oxide showing efficiencies of 3% on flexible substrate solar cells.

Third, interface engineering of the n-type (high temperature sol-gel processed TiO2 or ZnO, low temperature processed ZnO nanoparticles) electron selective metal oxide contacts in inverted solar cells with self-assembled monolayers (SAM) show improved device performance. Modifying the n-type layer in inverted cells with C60-SAMs containing different anchoring groups leads to an improvement in photocurrent density and fill factor leading to efficiencies as high as 4.9%.



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